Maharajganj is a quaint district with serene and tranquil environment and picturesque terrains dotted by meandering streams is a real treat. The WLS is situated at a distance of 56km from Gorakhpur and 50km from Maharajganj .The habitat of Sohagi Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary shelters fauna like Tiger, Leopard, Cheetal, Bear, Wild cat, Wild boar, Python, etc.
Sohagibarwa Wild Life Sanctuary, carved out of the Old Gorakhpur Forest Division in 1987, is situated in the Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh. The sanctuary, on the border area of the State, has the international Indo-Nepal border in the North and interstate U.P. – Bihar boarder to the East.
This sanctuary has been carved out of Northern part of prestigious Old Gorakhpur Forest Division, in year 1987.
Topography & Climate
The topography of the sanctuary is almost flat with an average height of 100mtrs above mean sea level. The area gently slopes from North – West to South –East. The sanctuary, drained by great Gandak, the little Gandak, Pyas and Rohin rivers, has a number of ponds, lakes [Tals], swamps and open grass lands. Climate of the area is pleasant throughout the year, with moderately chilly winters, during December & January.
The area under this sanctuary consists of beautiful forest cover. Nearly 75% of the area consists of Sal forest and other humid areas are covered with Jaamun [Syzigium Cumini], Gutal [Trewia Nudiflora], Semal [Bombax Ceiba], Khair [Acacia Catechu] Trees, etc.
Lower region of the sanctuary, which is water logged during rains, consists of Grass lands and patches of Cane forests.
Such a varied area is inhabited by a variety of animals which mainly includes Leopard, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Langur, Deer, Blue Bull, Wild boar, Porcupine etc.
The Avifauna is varied with Little Cormorant, Snake Bird, Brahimini Duck, Common Teal, Little Egret, Cattle Egret, Paddy Bird, Pintail, White Ibis, Black Ibis, Spoon Bill, Grey Partridge, Swamp Partridge, Red Jungle Fowl, Blue Rock Pigeon Spotted Dove, Pea fowl, Indian Pied Hornbill, Tree Pie, Little Green Bee-eater, Pond Heron, Red-vented Blue Bul, Golden backed Wood pecker, Pied King Fisher, Blue King Fisher etc.
The Reptilians are represented by the Python Tortoise, Crocodile, Common Cobra, Common Krait, Rat Snake etc.
Other picturesque spots in the sanctuary include a number of ponds /lakes in Nagwa and Sonari block and significant grasslands in Madhaulia and Lachmipur range. Singrahna Tal, the most popular among all, is the pride of the sanctuary.